A BRAKE FROM STRESS
Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) is among the leading figures of European decadence of late 1800.
Stinging, controversial, prone to provocation, he had to serve a criminal conviction for offenses against morality.
Released from prison in Reading in 1879, he took refuge in Naples with Lord Alfred Douglas hiding under a false name Posillipo, whose name in greek means ‘respite from the danger’, with the intention of finding peace there. Here the two took lodgings together remaining in Naples until 1889.
NEAPOLITAN SONG aT Gambrinus
Gabriele D’Annunzio (1863-1938) is the civil poet par excellence, absolute protagonist of political and cultural life of Italy between the late 1800 and early 1900. Born in Pescara he lived in Naples from 1891 to 1893 working in Il Mattino and Il Corriere di Napoli.
Tradition has it that, during a coffee at the Gambrinus, the poet was challenged by his friend Ferdinando Russo to write a song in Neapolitan dialect, the song that D’Annunzio wrote in one go with a pencil on the marble of one of the coffee tables.
The text of the famous ‘A Vucchella’ was set to music by Francesco Paolo Tosti and a few years after the song was recorded by Enrico Caruso.
Nicknamed ‘Papa’, he was part of the American expatriate community in Paris in the twenties, known as ‘the lost generation’ and named so by him in his memoir ‘Moveable Feast’ inspired by a Gertrude Stein quote. He led a turbulent social life, was married four times and various romantic relationships were attributed to him. He reached in his lifetime an uncommon popularity and fame, which raised him to the myth of the new generations.
Hemingway received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for the ‘Old man and the Sea’ and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
He presented his idealism as absolute historicism, since “philosophy can be nothing but” the philosophy of spirit “[…] and the philosophy of the spirit can not be other than”
historical thinking “,” that “the thought that has as its content the story », which eschews all metaphysical, which is” philosophy of an unchangeable reality transcendent spirit. ” In anti-positivist function, in Croce’s philosophy, science becomes the measuring of reality, subjected to philosophy, which instead includes and explains the real. He was among the founders of the reconstituted Italian Liberal Party, together with Luigi Einaudi.
Together with Giovanni Gentile – whom he was separated the philosophical concept and the political position towards fascism after the murder of Matteotti – is considered among the greatest protagonists of the Italian and European culture in the first half of the twentieth century, particularly idealism.
Croce’s philosophy, inspired by the social liberalism and marked by history, has great influence on Italian culture, specifically for his political thought: in particular he is remembered coming with a moral guidance of antifascism with his ‘religion of freedom’ so that he was also proposed as President of the Italian Republic.
Some reservations to his aesthetics, including literary criticism (in particular its definition of “poetry”) and the superiority attributed to the philosophy of Croce on the sciences in the field of logic, were, however, expressed at different times.
Grown relatively free from social constraints and behavior normally imposed on the Central European nobility of the nineteenth century, and generally interolerant of the Vienna court discipline and to imperial policies and living conditions of the people subjected to the Austro-Hungarian Empire authorities nevertheless remained a symbol of the Habsburg monarchy and for that reason she was killed September 10, 1898 in Geneva, Switzerland, by the anarchist Italian Luigi Lucheni.
A trilogy of Austrian films directed by Ernst Marischka and starred Romy Scheinder in the role of the Duchess was inspired by the figure of Elizabeth, improperly called Bavarian ’princess’ and then Empress of Austria, who became famous with the spurious nickname of Sissi.
Matilde Serao (Patrasso, March 7, 1856 – Naples, July 25, 1927) was an Italian writer and journalist. She was the first Italian woman to have founded and edited a newspaper, Il Mattino.